Udaipur Heritage : City Planning, Fabric and Architecht
The Elements of the Heritage Fabric of Udaipur
The elements which constitute the cultural heritage of Udaipur and classifies them into the natural and the artificial. These elements are found to be interlinked and interwoven with the lives of the people to give the city its Heritage Fabric.
Streets and Squares of Udaipur: The physical fabric of the old city is made up of a system of streets which meet intermittently at a square which becomes an important landmark. These are responses to the topography of the site as well as to the social fabric of the city
Street Facades and Building Components: The whole of Rajasthan has a very distinct street facade made up of elements like the relationship between the street widths and the building heights, the Jharokhas, the balconies, and the terraces. Udaipur is significant for the shaded streets with beautiful wall paintings, interesting entrances, corner balconies and the white colour.
The original fort wall within the city, has disappeared but is largely intact on the periphery as well as on the Machhla Magra. It is however, abused indiscriminately with hoardings, punctures and illegal construction abutting it.
Pols (Gates) of Udaipur
There are a member of gates to the fort wall called the pols. Each has its own significance and is appropriately named. Many pols have become traffic islands, many are neglected and some like Chand pol are still being used.
Fortifications: Ekling Garh, Samsher Garh Fort, Jal Burj, Brahm Pol, Chand Pol, Amba Pol, Hathi Pol, Delhi Darwaza, Suraj Pol, Delhi Darwaza, Suraj Pol, Udai Pol, Kishan Pol, Hanuman Pol, Bari Pol, Bedla Fortrese, Sajjan Garh, Chirva Gate, Debari Gate, City Wall.
Palaces: City Palace, Govardhan Vilas, Jagmandir, Jagniwas, New Palace, Sarvaritu Vilas, Zanana Mahal, Rani Mahal, Arsi Vilas , Naulakha Mahal, Sajjan Garh.
Udaipur City Palace Complex: The palace complex is beautifully located at the highest point in the area overlooking the lake Phichhola on its West and the city on its East. It consists of a number of buildings constructed over a period of a few hundred years and is a treasure of building construction crafts as well as building decorative crafts.
Havelis of Udaipur: Amet Ki Haveli, Asind Ki Haveli, Badi Sadadi Ki haveli, Bijoliyan Ki Haveli, Banshi Ki Haveli, Bohaa ki Haveli, Begun Ki Haveli, Badnor Ki Haveli, Baneda ki Haveli, Bedla Ki Haveli, Bhadesar Ki haveli, Bhindar Ki Haveli, Bhens Road Gadh Ki Haveli, Bhagwati Singhji ki Haveli, Bakshiji ki Haveli, Bagor ki Haveli, Chavda ki Haveli, Delwada Ki Haveli, Deogarh Ki Haveli, Dhaneriya Ki haveli, Dhabaion ki Haveli, Eder Ki Haveli, Gamersinhji Ki Haveli, Ghaneriya ki Haveli, Gadhi Raoji Ki haveli, Gogunds ki Haveli, Ghanerao ki Haveli, Hitanwala ki Haveli, Hamirgarh ki Haveli, Kuchan ki Haveli, Kanod ki haveli, Kelwa ki Haveli, Kothariya ki Haveli, Kolyari Ki Haveli, Kurabad Ki Haveli, Karjoli Ki Haveli, Kheda ki Haveli, Lasani Ki Haveli, Mama Mansinhji Ki Haveli, Jagannathsinh ki Haveli, Nagar Seth ki Haveli, Parsoli Ki Haveli, Purohitji Ki Haveli, Pilaji ki Haveli, Pannalal Mehta ki Haveli, Pipaliyan ki Haveli, Rampyari Bal ki Haveli, Roopnagar Ki Haveli, Sethji Ki Haveli, Roopnagar Ki Haveli, Sethji ki Haveli, Satrahaven Umrao ki Haveli, Spsodiyan ki Haveli, Shiv Rati ki Haveli, Shrinathji ki Haveli, Salumber ki Haveli, Sardar Garh ki Haveli, Shahpura ki Haveli, Thana ki Haveli, Tana ki Haveli, Zadoi ki Haveli, Amia ki Haveli, Kothari ki Haveli.
Religious Structures/Complexes: The city has a number of religious structures, primarily temples of different sects, but not necessarily restricted to them. Which have a historic significance and even today, are actively living up to their traditional role of being social institutions.
Amba Mata mandir, Arya Samaj, Bara Ramdwara, Bhim parmeshwarji Mandir, Gurudwara, Hast Mata Mandir, Heion ki Masjid, Jagdish Mandir, Khanji pir Dargah, Mahakaleshwar Mandir, Maha Sati, Manji Mandir, Maqbarae Ke Masjid, Nimach Mata Mandir, Sita Mata Mandir, United Church of N. India, Kalka Mata, Meera Temple, Shri Nathji’s Temple, Amrakhji Temple, Rattasen Temple , Ganeshji Temple.
Havelis/Large Buildings in Udaipur: Havelis and the large buildings are an expression of the traditional hierarchy of the Mewari people. There are more than sixty Havelis in Udaipur, each with a history dating back to between 16th and 18th century. They also represent a vast treasure of the decorative and the construction craft of building.
Institutional Buildings/Complexes: Offices, Jails, circuit houses are integral parts of Udaipur’s development and some of them have significant historical background.
Utility Structures: The construction of the lakes and the system of interconnected lakes necessitated a high degree of technical know how which is evident in the form of sluice valves/gates which are functioning efficiently even now.
Residence: The city residences are a clever response to the harsh sun and the existing topography of the area. The variety of interpretations of the dwelling forms achieved from the common principles of shared walls and internal courts are very significant in the view of the out of context built forms of the present.
Miscellaneous Structures: The city has a number of structures other than the ones covered under earlier headings. Which also represent the life in the historical Mewar. They very in sizes from an isolated cenotaph to Mahasati, the cremation ground for the women of the Royal family.
Cultural Traditions of Udaipur, Rajasthan: Festivals are an important traditions in Rajasthan. The nature of festivities and the scale of participation is gradually changing. And so are the manifestations of the social institutions like the communal washing at the Ghats or the evening meetings near the temple platform.
Arts in Udaipur: The richness of the Udaipur’s arts. Particularly the miniature paintings and the wall paintings is very difficult to match. The appreciation of it by the tourists is reflected in the increase in its trade. Similar attention is also required in popularizing the other forms of arts.
Traditional Crafts and handicraft of Udaipur: Craftsmanship of the region is evident in almost all walks of life: Whether it is a palace decoration or a small Jharokha in an obscure street of the city. It is also evident in the metal work, the wood work and the ornamentation.
Mountains: Udaipur is located in the midst of Aravalli range of mountains. It is these mountains that give the city its defence oriented location and the possibility of trapping the rain water into the depressions.
Gardens And Open Spaces: Large gardens and orchards are integrated part of the history of Udaipur. Their location and size represent the balance between the natural land form of the city and the built environment.
Vegetation in Udaipur: Vegetation constitutes a very important element of the natural heritage of the region. Its range of produces of fruits as well as vegetables can become a major source of support for the growing needs of the Udaipur city.
Udaipur Wild-Life: Wild life comprising animals, birds as well as aqua-life are extremely important participants in the maintenance of the ecological balance. Excessive pressures of development tend to diminish the species, as well as their numbers, of different categories of wild life. It is extremely important to revitalise the wild life in the region.